Origins and domestication of the olive

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The olive, Olea europaea (Oleaceae), is an iconic species in Mediterranean agriculture yet its origin is complex. Besnard et al. review the literature on the timeline of Mediterranean olive evolution and discuss the questions that remain unanswered. They also propose new avenues of multidisciplinary approaches to investigate the ecological genomics of olive domestication.

Methodological framework to address major questions on the impact of domestication on the evolution of olive and its associated biotic communities.
Methodological framework to address major questions on the impact of domestication on the evolution of olive and its associated biotic communities.

These findings offer a roadmap which may help to unravel the puzzle of olive domestication and more generally the evolutionary processes involved in phenotypic and molecular evolution, and adaptation of perennial crops, thereby contributing to the sustainable management of olive germplasm and agrosystems, particularly in the current context of global change.

Reference

Besnard, G., Terral, J.-F., & Cornille, A. (2017). On the origins and domestication of the olive: a review and perspectives. Annals of Botany, 121(3), 385–403. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcx145


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