Dynamic mechanical tissue in the fern Asplenium rutifolium

The collenchymatous tissue in A. rutifolium petioles structurally resembles sclerenchyma, while in biomechanical performance and glycan composition it shares more characteristics with angiosperm collenchyma.

A key structural adaptation of vascular plants was the evolution of specialised vascular and mechanical tissues, innovations likely to have generated novel cell wall architectures. Ferns cannot produce secondary tissues and therefore modify their primary tissues.

Transverse section through the petiole of Asplenium rutifolium
Transverse section through the petiole of Asplenium rutifolium

Collenchyma is a strengthening tissue typically found in angiosperms. A similar tissue occurs in the petiole of the fern Asplenium rutifolium. Leroux et al. integrate immunocytochemical and anatomical data with nano-indentation and wide-angle X-ray diffraction to investigate the in situ cell wall (ultra)structure and composition of this tissue. Their findings indicate that the fern’s apparantly collenchymatous tissue is in fact made of sclerenchyma cells that mimic the properties of collenchyma, and have the potential to increase in hardness through sclerification. These results support the view that collenchyma tissues do not occur in ferns and most likely evolved in angiosperms.

Reference List

Leroux, O., Eder, M., Saxe, F., Dunlop, J. W. C., Popper, Z. A., Viane, R. L. L., & Knox, J. P. (2017). Comparative in situ analysis reveals the dynamic nature of sclerenchyma cell walls of the fern Asplenium rutifolium. Annals of Botany, 121(2), 345–358. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcx167