Elevated CO2 increases yield of aluminium-resistant wheat in acid soil

Soil acidity and climate change threaten future food production. Dong et al. investigate the effects of free-air CO2 enrichment (550 vs. 400 µmol mol-1) on plant growth and yield of hexaploid wheat lines differing in Al3+-resistance.

CO2 experiment

Elevated CO2 increased the grain yield of lines carrying the TaMATE1B (22%) and TaALMT1 (31%) Al3+-resistance genes, but did not increase the grain yield of Al3+-sensitive lines. In addition, elevated CO2promoted vegetative growth of lines carrying TaMATE1B without affecting ear number. This study suggests that Al3+-resistant genes, particularly TaALMT1, should be maintained in wheat germplasm to realise yield potential in acid soils under a future high-CO2 environment.

Further reading

Dong, J., Grylls, S., Hunt, J., Armstrong, R., Delhaize, E., & Tang, C. (2018). Elevated CO2 (free-air CO2 enrichment) increases grain yield of aluminium-resistant but not aluminium-sensitive wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown in an acid soil. Annals of Botany, 123(3), 461–468. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcy171