The maize lil1 gene is involved in plant growth and drought response

The brassinosteroids hormones are involved in plant development and plant–environment interactions. In this work, Castorina et al. performed a detailed analysis of lilliputian1-1 (lil1-1), a mutant impaired in the last steps of the brassinosteroid pathway.

Seedlings
Image: Castorina et al. (2018)

Lack of brassinosteroid active molecules causes a drastic reduction in seedling elongation, affects root gravitropic curvature and alters cell density on leaf epidermis. Moreover, mutants show a decrease in leaf permeability and a better adaptation to water scarcity condition, if compared to wild-type seedlings. This is the first report of brassinosteroids regulating plant response to drought in Zea mays.

Further reading

Castorina, G., Persico, M., Zilio, M., Sangiorgio, S., Carabelli, L., & Consonni, G. (2018). The maize lilliputian1 (lil1) gene, encoding a brassinosteroid cytochrome P450 C-6 oxidase, is involved in plant growth and drought response. Annals of Botany, 122(2), 227–238. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcy047