Rye supernumerary (B) chromosomes possess an accumulation mechanism involving the subtelomeric domain enriched by B chromosome specific DNA sequence families, D1100 and E3900. Pereira et al. show that presence of rye B chromosomes may protect pollen mother cells at meiosis against heat stress induced damage.
Heat resulted in equal up-regulation of heat shock protein Hsp101 transcripts in plants with zero or 2B chromosomes. A significant up-regulation of E3900 related transcripts occurred in 2B plants at meiotic prophase I, compared to in 0B plants that showed significantly greater heat induced nuclear anomalies. Bioinformatics revealed a high density of known heat responsive cis-regulatory elements within the E3900 sequence and a truncated variant, supporting stress induced response of transcription and a role for B chromosomes in the protection against heat stress induce damage.
Pereira, H. S., Delgado, M., Viegas, W., Rato, J. M., Barão, A., & Caperta, A. D. (2016). Rye (Secale cereale) supernumerary (B) chromosomes associated with heat tolerance during early stages of male sporogenesis. Annals of Botany, 119(3), 325–337. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcw206
Discover the most popular botany headlines and scientific papers every Monday morning, as chosen by @BotanyOne's Twitter followers.
After signing up, we'll send an email to your inbox to check it is you who wants to sign up to the list. You'll need to click on a link in this email to confirm your subscription. It's our way of making sure we're not accidentally sending you spam.