Atmospheric change, plant water status and the origins of agriculture

The genesis of agricultural practice marks one of the most important events in human history. Low atmospheric CO2 has previously been shown to limit the productivity of the wild progenitors of C3 and C4 founder crops, in part due to the direct effect of reduced CO2 availability on photosynthesis. In this study, Cunniff et al. investigate the indirect role of low CO2 on biomass limitation mediated via plant water status in cereal crops.

Changes in daily transpiration at the leaf scale in C4 species
Changes in daily transpiration at the leaf scale (Eleaf) in the C4 species (A) P. miliaceum and (B) S. viridis and the C3 species (C) H. spontaneum and (D) T. boeoticum, over a 3-d drying cycle (D1–D3). Plants were grown at pCO2 of 18 Pa (closed symbols) and 27 Pa (open symbols). Data are means ± s.e. of four replicates. Significance codes are ***P < 0·001, **P < 0·01, and *P < 0·05, n.s = not significant. Values of Eleaf are set to a different scale for the C3 and C4 species.

They find that reduced plant water status caused a negative feedback on stomatal aperture in plants at glacial CO2, thereby reducing photosynthesis. These indirect effects were stronger in the C4 species.

Reference List

Jennifer Cunniff, Michael Charles, Glynis Jones, Colin P. Osborne, 2016, ' Reduced plant water status under sub-ambient p CO 2 limits plant productivity in the wild progenitors of C 3 and C 4 cereals ', Annals of Botany, vol. 118, no. 6, pp. 1163-1173