A plasma membrane H+-ATPase regulating soybean root resistance to aluminium toxicity

Aluminum (Al) toxicity is a major limiting factor for plant growth and crop production in acidic soils. The plasma membrane H+-ATPase is involved in regulating resistance to Al via enhanced citrate exudation by soybean roots under Al stress. In their investigation of the processes underlying this resistance.

 Effect of Al on IAA accumulation in soybean root tips.
Effect of Al on IAA accumulation in soybean root tips. Two-week-old seedlings were treated with 0, 25, 50 or 200 μM Al in 0·5 mM CaCl2 for 24 h. Values are mean ± s.e. (n = 6). Means with different letters are significantly different (P≤0·05).

Wang et al. find that enhanced citrate exudation and increased soybean root growth under Al stress were associated with auxin (IAA) accumulation in soybean roots. They show that IAA-mediated increases in Al-induced citrate exudation in soybean were linked with upregulation of the citrate transporter gene (GmMATE) and activation of the root-cell plasma membrane H-ATPase.

Further reading

Ping Wang, Wenqian Yu, Jiarong Zhang, Zed Rengel, Jin Xu, Qinqin Han, Limei Chen, Kunzhi Li, Yongxiong Yu, Qi Chen, 2016, 'Auxin enhances aluminium-induced citrate exudation through upregulation ofGmMATEand activation of the plasma membrane H -ATPase in soybean roots', Annals of Botany, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 933-940 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcw133