Ecological differentiation is an important speciation mechanism in polyploid complexes.
Characterizing ecological niches via Landolt indicator values of accompanying species, Sonnleitner et al. found that niches of four groups (two diploids, one tetraploid, one hexaploid) of Senecio carniolicus s.l. (Asteraceae) differed with respect to temperature, light and soil properties, but not in their breadths. Niche differentiation was enhanced (niche displacement) where cytotypes co-occurred in sympatry with other cytotypes. Niche displacement potentially stabilizes contact zones between cytotypes and thus requires consideration in polyploidy research.
Michaela Sonnleitner, Karl Hülber, Ruth Flatscher, Pedro Escobar García, Manuela Winkler, Jan Suda, Peter Schönswetter, Gerald M. Schneeweiss, 2015, ' Ecological differentiation of diploid and polyploid cytotypes of Senecio carniolicus sensu lato (Asteraceae) is stronger in areas of sympatry ', Annals of Botany, p. mcv176 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcv176