3.9 C
Oxford
Sunday, April 5, 2020
Home Articles Why bother with females?

Why bother with females?

Maternal sex effects and inbreeding depression Fragaria
Maternal sex effects and inbreeding depression Fragaria

Gynodioecy (coexistence of females and hermaphrodites) is a sexual system that occurs in numerous flowering plants, so understanding the features that affect its maintenance has wide importance. Models predict that females must have a seed fitness advantage over hermaphrodites, and this may be achieved via seed quality or quantity. Females in a population of Fragaria vesca subsp. bracteata, a long-lived gynodioecious perennial, do not demonstrate a seed quantity advantage, so a recent study in Annals of Botany explored whether females produced better quality seed via maternal sex effects or avoidance of inbreeding depression (IBD).

The results show that the offspring of females were more likely to germinate in benign conditions and survive in harsh resource environments than outbred progeny of hermaphrodites. IBD was low across most life stages, and both the effect of maternal sex on progeny quality and the expression of IBD depended on both maternal family and resource condition of the progeny.

In this study, the effect of maternal sex and IBD on progeny quality depended on resource conditions, maternal lineage and progeny life stage. In conjunction with known lack of differences in seed quantity, the quality advantages and IBD observed here are still unlikely to be sufficient for maintenance of gynodioecy under nuclear inheritance of male sterility. This means that additional research needs to be conducted before we can draw final conclusions regarding the mechanisms by which females are maintained in many plant species.

AJ Cann
Alan Cann is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Biological Sciences at the University of Leicester and formerly Internet Consulting Editor for AoB.

Latest Articles

Most Popular

10 Plants Used to Spice up Sex

It's well-known that plants can affect how the brain works. Take the right plant in the right dose and you can have an altered...

Will Martian cuisine have a terrifying surprise?

Mars One has launched a project to put humans on Mars by cutting out one of the biggest costs of the mission. Putting a...

Amazing moss and how to identify it

If I told you that during a 200m walk down a suburban London street I saw 13 different species from one group of organisms,...

What a Plant Knows by Daniel Chamovitz

If you're looking to show doubters that plants are fascinating then a good starting point is Daniel Chamovitz's What a Plant Knows. I was...

Recent Comments

>